Machine Tools: Different Types Industries Use

Published: 05th June 2009
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Machine tools are referred to as devices employing mechanical power. They are used to manufacture machine components through machining. Machining is defined as the removal of metal to come up with the machine tool.

The power activated machine tools come from different sources including human and animal power. These materials evolved after the steam engine was developed during the Industrial Revolution. With all the changes in technology, the tools are already powered with the aid of electricity.

Samples of machine tools

Machine tools have simple and complex types. They differ according to the purposes they serve. Here are some common samples:

Broaching machine. This is a toothed tool to remove material from a certain output. This is especially helpful for precision machining of circular and non-circular holes as well as flat surfaces. It works well with materials such as medium-sized castings, forging, stampings and screw machine parts.

Drill press. This is one of the machine tools known by other names such as pedestal, pillar or bench drill. It is a fixed drill mounted on a stand to the workbench. It consists of a base, a pillar, a table, a spindle and the drill head.

Gear shaper. This is a machine tool relevant to cut the teeth of both external and internal gears. It makes use of different shapers comparable to those of hobbing machines.

Hobbing machine. This is a special milling machine used in making gears and sprockets. Despite its very low cost, its results yield higher accuracy when compared to other machine tools. It also has other types like worm wheel hobs, straight side spline hobs, serration hobs and the semitopping gear hobs.

There are other machine tools used in the manufacture of industrial outputs. The most common applications are finishing of cylinders, gear manufacturing, air bearing spindles and engines. There are also others utilized in woodturning, pottery, metal spinning and metal working and glass working.

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